CHWs– A Call for Integration into the Formal Health Workforce

For decades, Community Health Workers (CHWs) have been delivering primary health services in hard-to-reach regions of the world. 

While the term CHW and Community Health Volunteers (CHV) have been used interchangeably to mean the same thing, in Kenya, the use of the term ‘volunteer’ means that they are not required to be compensated. This is the case in many other African countries, where CHWs or CHVs are not paid for the vital health services they provide for their communities. 
 
Amref Health Africa has long recognised the value of CHWs in creating lasting health change in Africa. That’s why, in 2016, we jointly wrote a concept note and a strategy to address the challenges of CHWs not being recognised as part of the formal health care system, and being unpaid volunteers. The concept note came after a rapid assessment discovered the need for advocacy focused on recognising CHWs as part of the paid, formal workforce in order to improve the health of the most vulnerable and hard-to-reach communities in Africa.
 
 
And so, together with Health Action International (HAI), the African Center for Global Health and Social Transformation (ACHEST) and Health NGOs Network (HENNET) partners, we started the Health Systems Advocacy Partnership (HSAP) project. The five-year initiative seeks to deliver on human resources for health, sexual and reproductive health and rights, and gender equality in Kenya, Uganda and Zambia. Our work on human resources for health has since focused on advocacy in support of recognizing and remunerating CHWs and the challenges caused by health worker migration. 
 
To date, various approaches, including the development of advocacy toolkit, engagement of media outlets and stakeholders, have been conducted to address the issue of CHWs.
 
The HSAP project in Kenya, headed by Dorcus Indalo, has already recorded remarkable successes including Kenya’s leading political parties – Jubilee and National Super Alliance (NASA) – capturing the advocacy agenda in their manifestos. 
 
Aware of the role played by the media in championing the CHW advocacy agenda, a media platform network – Africa Media Network on Health – has been established to inform the general public and influencers about the importance of recognizing and remunerating CHWs. 
 
As the team’s technical advisor on Community Health System Strengthening, I am focused on spearheading awareness through media interviews, presentations and meetings with policy-makers. I’ve had the opportunity to present the CHW advocacy agenda at various conferences, including the World Health Assembly in 2017, the 1st African Symposium on CHWs in Uganda 2017Association of Medical Councils of Africa conference in Cape Town (August 2017), and the Campaign on Accelerated Reduction of Maternal Mortality in Africa 2016.
 
Here in Kenya, we have reached out to the Counties of Kajiado, Nakuru, Homa Bay and Siaya to discuss ways and means of recognising CHWs in the workforce, addressing what contributes to health care workers migration and the lack of availability of family planning commodities in health facilities.  Effective engagement with the County governments has since led to health bills being drafted for debate in three County Assemblies and the National Assembly.
 
Moving forward, our team has gained support from the Institute of Human Resources Management to take a leading role in coordinating a national technical working group to put together a scheme of service for the CHWs and push the agenda to Kenya’s Parliament and Senate for legislation for a CHW Act.
 
We are excited about this next step in our work as it offers a great opportunity to realise the formalisation of the CHWs into the health workforce and the eventual allocation of a resource that would pay for their salary. 
 
Biography:
George is a Community Health Specialist since 1989. Initially worked with Ministry of Health for 19 years in various positions as a public health practitioner. He has served Amref for 9 years as Project Manager and Health Systems/Community Health Systems Advisor. He is a holder of Masters in Community Health and Development from the Great Lakes University of Goma. He is also a holder of Masters in Business Administration in Health and Leadership from The United States International University (USIU – Africa). George is currently the Amref Health Africa champion for the advocacy for CHWs Recognition into the health workforce by Governments of Africa. He represented Amref Health Africa’s agenda on CHWs recognition at the Seventieth World Health Assembly.

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