Amref COVID-19 Africa Information Centre

Coronavirus Disease 2019

Learn about Coronavirus

Stay aware of the latest information on the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in African Countries.  Learn about Symptoms, Prevention, Travel Advisory and Common FAQs on Coronavirus.

Our Response

Amref Health Africa Supporting Ministries of Health in Africa in strengthening response to the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in the African Continent

Amref Health Africa is working closely with African Ministries of Health, Africa CDC alongside the World Health Organisation in preventive measures to curb the spread of the COVID- 19 and especially by strengthening frontline health workers. In Kenya for example, we have partnered with the Ministry of Health and Africa CDC to improve surveillance, early detection and track the spread of the disease


Frequently Asked Questions about Coronavirus disease

Corona viruses are a large group of viruses many of which cause no or minor illnesses, like the common cold. Some cause illness in people, and others only infect animals. Usually these infections do not cross over from animals to people. 


On rare occasions, coronaviruses that infect animals “change” and develop the ability to infect people. This has occurred with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) where the causative viruses were probably initially infections of bats. The new (novel) corona virus was probably also an infection of bats but is now able to infect people. The new (novel) corona virus is officially called Coronavirus Disease-2019 or COVID-19 (because it was first detected in 2019).

COVID-19 was first detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, linked to a live animal market. This virus is now able to infect humans and can spread from person to person:


  • Between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet)
  • Via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes, and are inhaled into the lungs of a person nearby.
  • Possibly through touching an infected person who has touched their own mouth and nose which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales.


People are thought to be most contagious when they have symptoms and are sick. There is also evidence that spread might be possible when people are infected but before they become sick, but this is not thought to be the main way the virus spreads.

Symptoms include:


  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath


The symptoms may appear from 2−14 days (incubation period) after contact with an infected person and may range from mild to severe illness.

Testing is performed on a blood sample in specialised laboratories.  Currently, testing can be done in 16 laboratories in Africa including in Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia and Zambia. Soon, more laboratories in Africa will be able to test for the virus including in South Sudan, Malawi, Tanzania and Mozambique.


A negative test result for a person with these symptoms means that the COVID-19 virus is not causing their current illness. There are no approved simple rapid tests for COVID-19 infection at present.

There are no specific drugs to treat COVID-19 infection. People who are sick should receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. For severe cases, treatment should include care to support vital organ functions.

Fourteen (14) percent of confirmed cases are severe, with serious pneumonia and shortness of breath. Another 5% of patients develop respiratory failure and critical illness. About 2.3% of confirmed cases have resulted in death. 


Therefore, the vast majority of confirmed cases have mild infection, with cold-like symptoms and mild pneumonia. It is not known why some people suffer more from the virus than others, but those who have developed serious illness tend to be those with underlying disease, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, hypertension or cancer.

There is currently no vaccine to prevent COVID-19 infection. The only way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to the virus. Everyday preventive actions include:


  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Stay at home if you are sick.
  • Cover your nose and mouth with disposable tissue when coughing or sneezing, and then properly dispose of the tissue.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after going to the bathroom, before eating, and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
  • Alternatively, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Always wash hands first with soap and water if hands are visibly dirty.
  • Reduce handshaking (within cultural acceptability).


These precautions also apply to people travelling to other parts of their own country, or other countries.

Only wear a mask if you have symptoms of COVID-19 infection (coughing or sneezing) or are looking after someone who may have COVID-19, to help prevent the spread of the disease to others.


Disposable face masks can only be used once.


Remove the mask from behind (do not touch the front of mask) and discard it immediately in a closed bin. Remember to wash your hands with an alcohol-based sanitizer or soap and water.

Quarantine means separating a person or group of people who have been exposed to a contagious disease but have not become sick. This is to prevent the possible spread of the disease.


The duration of quarantine is usually for the incubation period of the disease, that is, the time from contact with the infection to developing the sickness. For COVID-19, the period of quarantine is 14 days. Someone who has been released from COVID-19 quarantine is not considered at risk for spreading the virus to others.

People can fight stigma and help, not hurt, others by providing social support. Counter stigma by learning and sharing facts. Communicating the facts that viruses do not target specific racial or ethnic groups, and how COVID-19 actually spreads, can help to stop stigma.

Paper bills can contain bacteria and viruses that can lead to the spread of disease. Wash your hands carefully after handling money. Better yet, use the various mobile and online banking solutions available to you.


And just as is the case with other activities, remember to wash your hands with soap and water or use an alcohol-based sanitizer after bank transactions.

Various countries have put in place different measures for members of the public who develop the symptoms of the disease and those seeking further information.



How 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Spreads
Symptoms of 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)
Simple Ways of reducing the spread of Coronavirus
Simple Ways of reducing the spread of Coronavirus
Simple Ways of reducing the spread of Coronavirus

Steps we are taking

Supporting public health authorities

Leveraging the innovative mobile technology – Leap, Amref and the Ministry of Health in Kenya are launching a two-month campaign to educate health workers on COVID-19. This will enable health care workers to educate communities on the virus and relevant prevention measures. Using this mobile learning platform, health workers will also be trained to identify, isolate and refer suspected cases as well as maintain safety standards at points of entry or high-risk areas to prevent possible transmission.


The approach entails joint development and customisation of digital training content that will be deployed to health workers through their mobile devices (basic and/or smartphones). The digital content has been customized to fit the needs of target audiences which includes consideration of skilled level of the audience, language preference and preferred channels (text or audio messages).


In Uganda, Tanzania and Ethiopia, Amref is part of their respective national taskforces to assist the ministries of health to prepare emergency responses. Further, in Tanzania, through the Amref CDC-funded community-based disease surveillance project, we have been involved at ministerial level in developing a national pandemic influenza preparedness and response plan, whose approaches are applicable for coronavirus control as well as other international health emergencies. We are also involved at the community level creating awareness and reporting using Event-Based Surveillance (EBS) tools.


With our in deep knowledge of health services, our close involvement with communities, and our wide network throughout sub-Saharan Africa, Amref Health Africa is already :


→ supporting national governments and institutes to organize preventive measures and mount responses, as needed;
→ providing training on infection, prevention and control measures to health workers;
→ disseminating educational materials to keep communities informed;
→ providing regular updates to healthcare workers;
→ advising and facilitating the transport of specimens to national testing laboratories.
→ Advising on workplace preparedness


The World Health Organization (WHO)Africa CDC and partners are scaling up preparedness efforts for COVID-19 in the African region to implement the recommendations of the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee.


Amref Health Africa has consistently supported Ministries of Health and WHO during outbreak interventions including facilitating the provision of critical healthcare to remote communities across Africa as evidenced by participation during roll out of control measures during the Ebola outbreaks in Uganda 2000 and 2012, and in Senegal and Guinea in 2014, the cholera outbreak in Kenya (2017) and the Lassa fever outbreak in Nigeria (2018).


Community Awareness & Education

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Emergency Hotline Numbers

Travel Restrictions and National Guidelines

  • All land borders remain closed and the suspension of non-cargo international air and maritime travel remains in place. Domestic air travel resumed in early December.  Public and private transportation has been prohibited between the provinces listed below as being impacted by a curfew.  Public transportation (and depending on the province, private transportation) may be suspended on Fridays and Saturdays in the provinces affected by a curfew.


  • In mid-November, the Algerian government imposed mandated 7:00 pm daily closures on some businesses, including salons, home goods stores, and commercial centers, in the 29 wilayas, including Algiers.  Restaurants and cafes are also subject to the 7:00pm closure requirement and offer only carry-out or delivery services.  The lifting of restrictions will be gradual and dependent on the evolution of COVID-19 cases in Algeria. 


  • A curfew is in effect in 34 of Algeria’s 48 provinces, including in Algiers, where the curfew is from 8 pm to 5 am. The other provinces covered by the curfew are:  Adrar, Laghouat, Oum El Bouaghi, Batna, Bejaïa, Biskra, Blida, Bouira, Tébessa, Tlemcen, Tiaret, Tizi-Ouzou, Jijel, Sétif, Guelma, Annaba, Constantine, Médéa, Mostaganem, M’Sila, Ouargla, Oran, Illizi,  Bordj Bou Arréridj, Boumerdes, El Tarf, Tindouf, Tissemsilt, El Oued, Khenchela, Souk Ahras, Tipaza, and  Aïn Temouchent.  Curfews are constantly being reviewed and revised and the curfew may be more restrictive in certain provinces or in certain areas of the provinces above for short periods of time as the health situation develops.


  • People are required to wear a protective mask when in public and those who do not comply may be subject to a fine.  
  • The Ministry of Health has advised people to dial 3030 if they suspect they are symptomatic. 


Source:  US Embassy in Algeria

  • The majority of cases of COVID-19 are in the capital city of Luanda, but COVID-19 has been confirmed throughout the provinces.  Officials continue to monitor the individuals who have tested positive.  Please visit the Angolan COVID-19 Commission’s website for the most up-to-date case numbers.
  • The use of a face mask is required in all public areas, including anytime you leave your house or hotel room, while using public transport, and in all establishments.  Face masks are not required if you are operating a vehicle alone or exercising outside.
  • Individual and group exercise is permitted between the hours of 5a.m. to 9p.m.  Groups exercising together are limited to no more than ten people.  Everyone is encouraged to adhere to social distancing.
  • Health centers and hospitals are fully operational.  Restaurants are open from 6a.m. to 9p.m. for table service, and from 6a.m. to 10p.m. for takeout.  In person dining is limited to 50 percent capacity with no more than four guests per table.  Stores, including supermarkets, can remain open until 10p.m.  Museums and monuments, movie theaters, cultural and art fairs, libraries, and media centers are open but limited to 50 percent capacity.  Religious activities are limited to four days a week with no more than 50 percent capacity or 150 people and are limited to a maximum duration of 2 hours if held in enclosed spaces.
  • Recreational use of beaches and public swimming pools is prohibited through March 11, 2021.  Recreational use of boats is permitted, up to 50% of capacity.
  • Primary schools, secondary schools, and universities are permitted to hold in-person classes.   Preschools are permitted to open as of March 15, 2021 for students aged 3 to 6.


Source: US Embassy Angola 

  • Cotonou Cadjehoun Airport is operating at close to pre-pandemic levels, however, travelers may experience some flight reductions. Land borders remain closed for most travelers. Businesses, stores, schools, and daycares are generally open. Religious services are allowed however gatherings of more than fifty people are not permitted.
  • Two COVID-19 tests, a TDR rapid test and a PCR test is required upon arrival at the Cotonou Cadjehoun Airport.
  • All travelers who stay in Benin longer than 15 days must undergo a third COVID-19 test. The test can be performed at the Palais des congrès in Cotonou or at routine screening sites throughout the country.
  • All travelers arriving at and departing from Cotonou Cadjehoun Airport must take mandatory COVID-19 tests at the traveler’s expense. Travelers must register at the appointment website to schedule a test and pay the testing fee. The fee for testing is 50,000 CFA each direction and includes all arrival three tests. Tests for travelers under five years old are at no charge. Arriving airlines may require proof of registration or proof of ability to pay prior to boarding.
  • Departing travelers who stay in the country for more than three days must present proof of a negative COVID-19 test result to be permitted entry into the Cotonou Cadjehoun Airport. The Government of Benin recommends that departing travelers get tested at least 72 hours prior to their entry at the airport to ensure that the test result is received. The test can be performed at the Palais des congrès in Cotonou by appointment through the appointment website. Expedited testing (labeled “VIP”), which can produce results in 4-6 hours, can be requested for an additional cost and are performed at the VIP testing center near the Nobila Hotel.


Source: US Embassy Benin

  • Some charter flights may be available for tourists into Kasane and Maun. Please check directly with charter companies and tour companies regarding the most current schedules and regulations.
  • Limited Commercial flights into Botswana are operating through South Africa and Ethiopia, though additional restrictions for U.S. citizens traveling from high risk countries may be in place for some transit countries.
  • All incoming travelers require a negative COVID-19 test within 72 hours of their departure for Botswana and will be tested at the Port of Entry if they do not meet the requirement. Please note that enforcement of regulations may not be consistent.


Source: US Embassy in Botswana 

  • The Ouagadougou and Bobo airports returned to normal operations on August 1, 2020.  All land borders remain closed.  For details on possible pre-departure requirements related to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, including possible testing requirements, please contact your airline.
  • As of June 3, 2020, the Government of Burkina Faso cancelled the curfew which was in effect throughout the country, except for the provinces that are under state of emergency (the East and Sahel regions, Kossi and Sourou provinces in Boucle de Mouhoun, Kenedougou province in Hauts Bassins, Louroum province in the North, and Koulpelogo province in the Center-East region).
  • Effective April 27, 2020, wearing a face mask is obligatory throughout the country.
  • The Government of Burkina Faso announced the re-opening of the markets in Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso.
  • On May 4, 2020, the Government of Burkina Faso suspended the quarantine of cities.


Source: US Embassy in Burkina Faso 

  • The Ministry of Health expanded prevention measures related to COVID-19 for all travelers arriving to Burundi.  Measures are regularly updated and subject to change without notice.  
  • All passengers arriving at Bujumbura’s Melchior Ndadaye’s international airport will be transported to designated hotels approved by the Government of Burundi.  Travelers must make hotel reservations at Government of Burundi approved quarantine hotel before arriving. 
  • Upon arrival, travelers will be tested at the airport for COVID-19.  Passengers whose initial test show a negative result will transit, in a shuttle under Burundi police-operated shuttle, to their hotel for a 7 day quarantine period, where there will be strict enforcement of quarantine rules, under supervision of the Burundi police.  
  • These travelers will be control tested again on day 6 of their quarantine period and released the following day if the test shows a negative result.  Passengers who test positive, at any time, will be transferred to one of the Care Centers for monitoring at their own expense for a period of 14 days or more and required to have two negative control test results before being discharged.  The cost of a COVID-19 test is 100$.
  • These measures and the timeline may vary, due to limitations of resources.  The Government of Burundi announced that quarantined individuals would also be responsible for the hotel costsof the quarantine. 
  • It is advisable, when planning travel to Burundi, to take into account the possibility of additional expenses and lengthy delays due to quarantine procedures.
  • There is no legal obligation to wear a mask, though prevention measures are officially encouraged.  The Burundi Ministry of Health did however, issue a communiqué on January 8, 2021, stating that violators of the quarantine or other measures taken to stop the spread of the virus will be punished in accordance with the law.


Source: US Embassy in Burkina Burundi

  • The Cameroonian Prime Minister announced as of March 18, 2020 that all land, sea, and air borders would be closed until further notice due to COVID-19. While many airlines have been given permission to resume limited flights, officially the borders’ status is still “closed.”
  • Cameroon’s Ministry of Public Health has been responding to the COVID-19 outbreak through active surveillance, screening at points of entry, laboratory testing, and case management at designated isolation and treatment centers. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are providing technical support to control the outbreak in Cameroon.
  • Businesses, churches, government offices, and most schools are open and maintain normal hours.
  • Cameroonian borders remain officially closed; however, several airlines have been given permission to operate international flights from Douala and Yaoundé.
  • Anyone not wearing a mask in public can potentially be fined 6,000 CFA (about $11).

Source: US Embassy in Cameroon. 

  • Schools, universities, churches, mosques, and markets are open. Restaurants are officially open for take-out orders, but many also offer on-site dining.
  • Prevention measures and social distancing should be respected. The government of Chad has made mask wearing compulsory.
  • In addition to arriving with a negative COVID-19 test result, each traveler staying on in Chad for more than 7 days must be tested in one of the Chadian hospitals entitled to carry out the PCR test. The PCR test costs 15,000 FCFA (approximately USD $30).
  • Arriving travelers must stay at home or in a hotel, respecting prevention measures such as social distancing, wearing a mask, and frequent handwashing for 7 days.
  • Travelers who will stay less than 7 days in Chad are not required to quarantine but must respect prevention measures such as social distancing, wearing a mask, and frequent handwashing for 7 days and be prepared to declare the contacts they make during their visit.
  • Curfew is from 2100-0500 hours in Guéra, Kanem, Logone Occidental, Logone Oriental, Mayo-Kebbi Ouest, Mayo-Kebbi Est, Moyen-Chari, Batha, Ennedi Est, the city of N’Djamena to Mandelia, Logone-Gana, and from N’Djamena-Farah to Guitté.


Source: US Embassy in Chad 

Source: US Embassy in Chad 

  • Comoros is experiencing a resurgence of COVID-19 cases. While most new cases have been concentrated in Moheli, rising numbers of new cases are being registered on all three islands.
  • Quarantine is required for those who do not arrive with a negative PCR test.  Other travelers are quarantined for 3-5 days at a designated hotel until the results of the PCR test come back negative.


Source: US Embassy in Chad 

  • All arriving international travelers age 11 and older must arrive with proof of a negative COVID-19 test from within 3 days of their departure to DRC. Upon arrival, travelers age 11 and older must also submit to a COVID-19 test at the airport.  Travelers should register their information and pay for the test at com before they start their travel.  The cost of the required test is US$45 which can be paid in U.S. cash at the airport.  Following the sample collection at the airport, passengers must self-quarantine until they receive a negative test result via the website and/or SMS, generally within 24 hours.
  • To exit the DRC, all passengers age 11 and older must present a negative COVID-19 test from the INRB or a laboratory approved by the Ministry of Health, from within 3 days prior to departure. The cost of the test through the INRB is US$30.  Visit com for information on testing in the DRC.
  • Travelers entering the DRC, regardless of the origin of their travel, are not required to quarantine so long as they show a negative COVID-19 test taken within 7 days of departure from their point of origin and receive a negative COVID-19 test upon arrival.  Following the sample collection at the airport, travelers must self-quarantine until they receive a negative test result, generally within 24 hours.
  • The DRC Ministry of Health may monitor travelers upon arrival, request information, and order self-quarantine, or isolation if a traveler tests positive for COVID-19.

Source: US Embassy in Congo

  • A Health State of Emergency was re-issued on January 21 calling for stronger enforcement of protective health measures. Social distancing, the wearing of masks, and a reduction in non-essential movements are encouraged.
  • Domestic and international airlines are offering limited commercial flight services.
  • Primary and secondary schools, as well as universities, are open.
  • Restaurants, maquis, bars, night clubs, and entertainment venues are open and expected to follow social distancing and hygiene guidelines.
  • Travel from the greater Abidjan area to and from the rest of the country is permitted.
  • Face masks/cloth face coverings remain mandatory in all public spaces, including in vehicles.
  • Before travel, individuals must fill out a Travel Declaration Form at Travelers will then pay for the cost of the declaration and COVID-19 PCR test online with Orange Money, Moov Money, MTN Mobile Money, Visa, Mastercard, Yup, or EcobankPay.
  • The cost of the declaration and COVID-19 test is 50,000 CFA (approximately $93 USD). Individuals will be emailed a receipt and the completed declaration, which they must take with them to the testing center to facilitate their test.
  • The results of the COVID-19 PCR test are typically available within 24-72 hours. When the test result is negative, individuals will be able to access their results online at
  • Details on the testing procedure are available in French and English online at
  • Effective January 21, 2021, all inbound air travelers are required to present negative COVID-19 PCR test results dated no more than five (5) days from their arrival date in Cote d’Ivoire.  Outbound travelers are also required to present negative COVID-19 PCR test results dated no more than five (5) days before their departure.
  • Commercial and taxi drivers who fail to comply with COVID-19 health measures can face a prison sentence of 10 days or a fine of CFA 50,000


Source: US Embassy in Cote D’Ivoire 

  • As of mid-January, more than 5,900 cases of COVID-19 and 61 fatalities have been confirmed by authorities in Djibouti.
  • Restaurants, nightclubs, and the movie theater at Bawadi Mall are currently open.
  • As of November 11, individuals must have a certificate confirming a negative COVID test within 72 hours of boarding any flight bound for Djibouti. The certificate must not be issued more than 120 hours prior to their arrival in Djibouti.
  • All travelers must present a negative COVID test certificate within 72 hours of boarding any flight bound for Djibouti and not more than 120 hours prior to their arrival in Djibouti; all travelers will be screened upon arrival and must have a negative result in order to enter.
  • Are health screening procedures in place at airports and other ports of entry?
  • Travelers coming to Djibouti by air/sea/land must be screened for COVID-19 upon arrival at ports of entry and the test must be negative in order for an individual to enter the country.
  • Upon arrival at Ambouli International Airport, all passengers are tested for COVID-19 using a minimally invasive saliva test.  Travelers identified with the virus either go into isolation and treatment at a local hospital or quarantine at their hotel. Travelers will have to pay 5000 Fdj or $30 to cover the cost of the COVID-19 saliva test.
  • Travelers coming to Djibouti must be equipped with protective masks at the time of departure or arrival at the points of entry, respect the physical distance of one meter, if possible, at all stages of the journey and carry a hydro-alcoholic gel throughout the trip.
  • If a high percentage of passengers on a particular flight receive a positive saliva test, the Government of Djibouti may require all passengers to complete a second, nasal swab COVID-19 test.
  • Some destinations beyond Djibouti require a negative COVID-19 test certificate for entry. Airlines may require passengers heading to these destinations to show a negative COVID-19 test certificate before allowing them to board their flight.  Please contact your airline for more information.


Source: US Embassy in Djibouti

  • As of the evening of March 9, 2021, 187,094 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 11,038 deaths in Egypt were acknowledged by the Ministry of Health and Population. Egypt is implementing 14-day quarantine periods and other preventative measures in all cases. ICU occupancy rates remain near 90 percent.
  • The Government of Egypt has announced that commencing Sunday, January 3, 2021, individuals who do not adhere to precautionary measures such as wearing a mask indoors may be subject to an immediate fine or prosecution.
  • All indoor weddings, funerals, festivals, or other mass gatherings are canceled indefinitely.
  • Starting Sunday, January 3, 2021, businesses such as restaurants and cafes have been ordered to reduce the number of patrons to 50 percent of capacity or less, with penalties of 4,000 LE to temporary business closures.
  • On August 28, Friday prayers reopened at some mosques under strict preventative measures; mosques have been open for daily prayers with the exception of Friday prayers.
  • On December 5, the Coptic Church of Egypt suspended in-person services through the end of December. Catholic churches remain in operation.
  • All public schools are required to shift to virtual learning until February 20.
  • The Government of Egypt  provides COVID-19 tests at a cost of 1,680 Egyptian Pounds for foreigners and 1,260 Egyptian pounds for Egyptians.
  • Delivery of test results varies by provider. Some are able to email results within 24 hours.
  •  The Government of Egypt established the following COVID-19 dedicated hotlines: 105– Ministry of Health Hotline (Press 1 for COVID-19 information; Arabic proficiency recommended); 15335 - Press 1 for Arabic. Press 2 for English.
  • All passengers travelling to Egypt (including Egyptians) must be in possession of negative PCR test certificate for COVID-19, taken at a maximum of 72 hours before their flight departure time.
  •  Passengers travelling from Japan, China, Thailand, North America, South America, Canada, London Heathrow, Paris, and Frankfurt will be allowed to provide the test certificate performed at a maximum of 96 hours prior to flight departure, due to the long travel and transit period from these airports.
  • Travelers must present paper copies of the test results; digital copies will not be accepted. Children under the age of six of all nationalities are exempt


Source: US Embassy in Egypt

  • On January 15, 2021, the Political Committee decided to continue with the presidential decree number 107/2020 for a period of 30 days until February 15,2021.
  • On December 26, 2020, the government of Equatorial Guinea signed Ministerial Order No. 3/2020 to accompany decree 107/2020, which mandates rapid testing upon arrival for international passengers; PCR testing for domestic travel; and quarantine in government facilities.
  • On August 4, 2020, the government of Equatorial Guinea signed Decree 54/2020 in which it announced the entry into the second phase of de-confinement since the COVID–19 contagion curve descended to 3% as at July 16. It also contains information on large gatherings requirements. Discos and beaches remain closed. The government authorized the opening of schools from September 1 with a capacity not exceeding 50%. Stores are open during normal business hours. Religious activities are allowed by respecting the established COVID-19 health protocols.
  • Members of the public are advised to consider whether non-essential medical treatment can be deferred given possibility of infection in hospitals and clinics.
  • Only one flight per week per airline is authorized for international flights.
  • Testing can be done at Buena Esperanza or Ela Nguema Plaza. The cost of testing for foreigners is 110,000 CFA (About $200 USD).
  • Travelers (nationals and foreigners) will now pay 5,000 CFA (about $9 USD) for PCR tests and 2,000 CFA (about $4 USD) for IgM test when travelling within the country.
  • Travelers (nationals and foreigners) who request the PCR or IgM test after 11:30 a.m., as well as those who request it on the same day of their flight or departure within the country will have to pay 50,000 CFA (about $92 USD) for PCR test and 20,000 CFA (about $36 USD) for IgM test.
  • For those wanting to travel from Equatorial Guinea, payment must be made at the bank and bank teller taken to the test center before a test can be carried out and PCR issued. For those coming into the country, their test sample is taken at the airport on arrival. The results will be delivered to you at your quarantine location.


Source: GOV.UK

  • Government offices have closed or suspended many routine services, and restrictions are in place throughout the country to prevent the spread of COVID-19.
  • Essential businesses (e.g., grocery stores) are open until 8PM.
  • Restaurants, entertainment venues, and religious services remain closed.
  • University and SAWA students can attend training and classes. All other students are to remain at home.
  • The Government of Djibouti offers COVID-19 tests at Bouffard Hospital. While the test itself is free, a negative COVID-19 test certificate costs 5,000 Fdj or $30.
  •  Test results are delivered by phone.

Source: US Embassy in Eritrea 

  • All incoming travelers to Bole International Airport (BIA) are required to present a negative PCR test conducted within 120 hours/5 days before arrival. The test results certificate must be dated.
  • All arriving passengers entering Ethiopia with a negative RT PCR test must still self-quarantine at home or in a hotel for 7 days. The quarantine location is determined as set forth above in the Entry and Exit Requirements section.
  • Masks are required in all forms of public transportation. There are passenger limits on buses, taxis, etc. exist but vary by region. In general, the number of people permitted in public transportation is 50% of normal capacity.


Source: US Embassy in Ethiopia 

  • All passengers arriving in or transiting through Kenya must have a negative PCR COVID-19 certificate for a test conducted within 96 hours prior to travel. The Kenyan Ministry of Health is planning to launch the Trusted Travel (TT) Initiative:  Once this system is implemented, U.S. citizens who do not have such a test may be refused boarding or denied entry to Kenya.

On March 12th 2021, the President of the Republic of Kenya, Uhuru Kenyatta directed as follows:

  • That all forms of political gatherings be and are hereby prohibited for a period of 30 days, effective midnight on this 12th March, 2021.
  • The Nationwide Curfew is extended for a further containment of 60 days. In that regard, all bars, restaurants, and other establishments open to the public, must, close by 9.00 p.m.
  • That the escalation or de-escalation of the containment measure in regard to Prohibition of Political Gatherings is dependent on whether the national endeavour to break the chain of transmissions will have been achieved.
  • In regard to funerals, cremations and other interment ceremonies, it is directed that these ceremonies shall be conducted strictly within 72 hours of confirmation of death;

Further it is ordered as follows:

  • That attendees for funerals and gravesides/crematoria ceremonies, shall be limited to the immediate family of the deceased, with the number capped at no more than 100 persons.
  • That attendees of celebration of Weddings and other traditional unions and rites is hereby capped at 100 persons.


  • There shall continue to be strict maintenance and enforcement of public social health measures, including regular washing of hands with soap and water or use of sanitizers, physical/social distancing in all public places;


  • THAT, in line with the guidelines issued by the Inter- Faith Council, only a maximum of one-third of the capacity of places of worship will be allowed at each worship ceremony;


  • The Ministry of Health, working closely with the National Government Administration Officers (NGAO), are directed to enhance and strictly enforce border health security, with a greater emphasis on informal entry points; as the country remains at high risk of importation of new variants of COVID-19;


  • The Ministry of Health shall strengthen the existing COVID-19 genomic surveillance so as to monitor the circulating strains in the country for the purpose of informing policy decisions and public health interventions;


  • All isolation facilities in the country must be maintained at a high state of preparedness through continuous capacity-building and provision of adequate PPE for healthcare workers; supported by the continuous implementation of Infection Prevention and Control measures;


  • The County Governments shall enhance investment in piped and portable oxygen to isolation and critical care treatment facilities for the management of severe cases.


  • To provide business continuity during the containment period, exemption on the application of curfew is hereby granted to essential services providers, factories and construction sites to operate night shifts;


Source: US Embassy in Kenya and Republic of Kenya

  • The prevalence of COVID-19 cases in Gabon has recently increased, and government restrictions have tightened. As of January 25, the government has extended the curfew hours to 20:00 to 05:00.  Beginning the evening of January 30, land borders were closed except for government-approved crossings.  The government is monitoring the situation closely and has warned it will impose strong restrictions again should the situation worsen appreciably.
  • Churches and indoor dining are currently open at a maximum occupancy of 30 people. Fines for exceeding the 30-person limit on gatherings will range from 100,000 to 5,000,000 FCFA.
  • The wearing of facemasks is obligatory in all public spaces, to include riding or driving in a vehicle with two or more persons inside. If driving alone, the driver is required to have a facemask to be used immediately upon exiting the vehicle.  Fines for not wearing a facemask will range from 25,000 to 200,000 FCFA.
  • Social distancing and other hygiene requirements continue.
  • Commercial air travel continues with three international flights per airline per week.  Crossing land and sea borders for commercial goods and services requires prior authorization.  Tourists are not permitted to arrive by land or sea.
  • Masks are obligatory in all public transit vehicles. Taxis are operating at half capacity, limiting ridership to no more than 2 passengers per car.  Taxi buses are similarly limited in ridership.  In practice, however, many of these rules are ignored.


Source: US Embassy in Gabon 

  • The Gambian government has lifted many COVID-related restrictions, allowing businesses, markets, schools, restaurants, bars, gyms, cinemas, and night clubs to resume normal operations, and borders to be open. On March 8, a new restriction on public gatherings was implemented. Certain public health regulations, including the mandatory wearing of face masks, remain in effect.
  • Arriving passengers must present a negative PCR COVID-19 test, taken within 72 hours prior to arrival within The Gambia.  Those arriving without a test that complies with these requirements – including those with tests taken outside of this 72-hour window, or ‘rapid test’ results – will be subject to mandatory quarantine in Government of The Gambia-managed facilities.
  • Individuals arriving without a negative test that complies with this requirement, or who tests positive for COVID-19 upon arrival, will be required to undergo mandatory quarantine at Gambian government-designated facilities, at the traveler’s own expense. Quarantined individuals should expect to be tested for COVID-19 by Gambian Health Officials upon arrival at quarantine facilities. Quarantined individuals should expect to stay up to 14 days in a quarantine facility, depending on their test results. Quarantined individuals are required to pay all costs associated with this quarantine period, and may also be expected to pay for any necessary COVID-19 tests. Those held at quarantine facilities are provided with basic shelter, food, water, and medical care.
  • COVID-19 testing can be done at the Medical Research Council (MRC) in Fajara, or at several Gambian government-run testing facilities at Independence Stadium, Bakau, KMC and Brusubi Main Roundabout, adjacent to Petroleum House, WCR. Testing is typically available at the Gambian government-run sites Monday-Friday, and costs 3,000 dalasi. Cost and testing schedule at MRC may fluctuate. Note that medical resources in The Gambia are limited.
  • Tests results are generally provided by physical copy.
  • Gambian air, land, and sea borders have reopened.


Source: US Embassy in the Gambia 

  • Accra Kotoka International Airport is open for regular international passenger travel. Ghana’s land and sea borders remain closed until further notice. See the Entry and Exit Requirements section below.
  • The Ministry of Health has mandated the use of facemasks in public. The police are enforcing this directive.
  • Restaurants are operating with appropriate social distancing precautions. Weddings, concerts, theatrical performances, and parties are banned. Large sporting events, political rallies, and festivals are suspended until further notice. Nightclubs, bars, beaches, and cinemas also remain closed until further notice. Private burials, with no more than 25 people, can take place, with the enforcement of the social distancing, hygiene and mask-wearing protocols. Religious services may operate at full capacity for up to two hours per service.
  • Large sporting events, political rallies, and festivals are suspended until further notice. Nightclubs, bars, beaches, and cinemas must also remain closed until further notice.
  • Accra Kotoka International Airport is open for regular international passenger travel. Ghana’s land and sea borders remain closed until further notice.
  • Individuals arriving in Ghana by air must present a negative COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test conducted by an accredited laboratory in the country of origin not more than 72 hours prior to departure.
  • Ghanaian residents who depart Ghana and return within one week are not required to present a negative COVID-19 test prior to boarding, but they will be subject to testing upon arrival (see the following section).
  • Upon arrival, each traveler age five and over must undergo a temperature screening and COVID-19 test conducted at the airport.
  • The test carries a $150 fee per person. Travelers MUST pay the fee online before departure at and present proof of payment to the airline prior to boarding.
  • Test results will usually be available within 30 minutes. Travelers who test negative for COVID-19 will be allowed to enter Ghana with no quarantine requirement, but will be advised to continue to observe COVID safety precautions following arrival in Ghana. Individuals who test positive for COVID-19 upon arrival in Ghana, asymptomatic or not, will be required to undergo mandatory quarantine and treatment at a designated health facility or isolation center, for seven (7) days at the traveler’s expense. Final discharge of cases will be based on existing Ghana Government case management COVID guidelines and protocols.
  • Individuals who depart Ghana and return within one week will not need to present a negative PCR COVID-19 test. However, they will still be subject to testing upon arrival at the airport.
  • Passengers transiting and transferring through Accra will not be required to take the COVID test in Accra. Transit passengers will still be required to adhere to COVID testing protocols for the destination countries.
  • All international departing passengers will be required to meet the following guidelines prior to departure:
    • Passengers will be required to adhere to COVID testing requirements for destination countries;
    • Departing passengers will undergo temperature screening at the entrance of Terminal 3 departures;
    • Only passengers and persons with business in the terminal will be allowed entry;
    • Online check-in or the use of self-service kiosks is strongly encouraged to reduce physical contact at the airport;
    • Passengers are advised to arrive at the airport at least four (4) hours before the scheduled departure time.


Source: US Embassy in Ghana

  • Enhanced screening and quarantine measures to reduce the spread of COVID-19.
  • Travelers should be prepared for additional travel restrictions to be put into effect with little or no advance notice. Travelers arriving at Moshoeshoe International Airport with no fever (body temperature under 37.5 degrees Celsius/99.5 degrees Fahrenheit) from countries affected by COVID-19 (including the United States) may be instructed by the government of Lesotho to self-isolate for 14 days. Travelers arriving at the airport with a fever and other respiratory signs and symptoms may be transported to an isolation facility for quarantine. Similar protocols may be applied at land border crossings.


Source: US Embassy in Lesotho

  • Travel ban from countries with 200+ cases.
  • Many airlines have reduced or suspended their flights to Liberia.
  • Quarantine in precautionary observation centres for people who have been in affected countries (200+ cases) in the previous 14 days.

Source: The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade

  • Libya’s UN-recognised Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli suspended all flights at the Misrata Airport for three weeks. Border closures have also been closed.
  • Libya closed schools for two weeks and airports, seaports and border crossing for three weeks.

Source: Aljazeera, Bloomberg

  • On August 9, the Government of Madagascar amended the restrictions to reflect the following:
    • People may work until 5pm. Employers should provide transportation.
    • All civil servants will return to work starting Monday, August 10.
    • Markets can open from 6:00 am to 5:00 pm.
    • Face covering is mandatory; those who do not comply with will face sanctions.
    • Circulation of the general public is limited to one person per household unless there is a specific reason to go out.
    • No urban or suburban public transportation (taxi-be and taxi- brousses)
    • Taxis can continue to operate with 3 passengers.
    • A motorcycle can have two people.
    • Trucks transporting goods may circulate.
    • Restaurants are allowed to function with a maximum of 50 persons.
    • Gatherings of more than 50 persons are still prohibited.
    • Schools remain closed. Examination dates are maintained.
    • Sports and cultural events are still suspended.
    • Funeral procession into and out of Analamanga is prohibited.
    • Curfew applies from 9:00pm to 4:00 am.
    • Internal and commercial flights are still suspended.

 Source: US Embassy of Madagascar

  • AII arriving passengers into the Republic of Malawi shall be required to produce a negative SARS Cov-2 PCR test certificate obtained within 10 days prior to arrival in Malawi. Any passenger without the said certificate will be denied entry. All arriving passengers will be required to proceed on self-quarantine for l4 days during the time they will be followed up by Health Authorities.
  • Arriving passengers may be required to provide samples for Covid-I9 testing. Samples will be collected at the airport and test results will be communicated to the concerned within 48 hours.
  • Any symptomatic passengers will be handled according to specific guidelines laid down by the Health Authorities.
  • All arriving passengers shall fill out and submit Travel Surveillance Forms (TSF) which shall be made available on-board aircraft or in the airport terminal building. The forms shall be handed over to health personnel in the terminal building.


Source:  US Embassy of Malawi

  • The Government of Mali has implemented the following measures to limit the spread of COVID-19:
    • Sporting events, festivals, and gatherings larger than 50 people have been banned, and bars and nightclubs have also been closed.
    • Vehicle occupancy has been restricted to promote social distancing.
    • Schools and universities have allowed students with mandatory exams to return, but schools remain closed to most students.
    • The work schedule for all government offices (except for defense, security, and health) has been reduced to 7:30 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. Monday through Friday.
    • The General Directorate for Commerce and Competition set price limits for essential goods, including sugar, rice, cooking oil, and bread.
    • The Government of Mali conducts COVID-19 tests on all persons who enter Mali, and all new arrivals are subject to a 14-day quarantine.
  • On March 20, the Government of Mali prohibited flights coming from countries with confirmed cases of COVID-19. The Government of Mali has announced that the Airport will remain closed to commercial air traffic through July 31, 2020. Additionally, the Malian government has closed all land borders to passenger vehicle traffic while allowing cargo and freight.

Source: US Embassy in Mali

The Moroccan government eased some measures from midnight 19 July (local restrictions may be applied by local authorities in cities/prefectures/provinces). Provinces/prefectures in Morocco have been categorised into two zones according to their pandemic situation. The wearing of face masks in public spaces remains mandatory.

At national level

  • Cafes and restaurants permitted to serve on site, as long as they do not exceed 50% capacity.
  • Resumption of commercial activities in shopping centres, and malls.
  • Resumption of public transport (road and rail) between cities (75% capacity).
  • Resumption of domestic flights.
  • Opening of gyms, hammams, hair and beauty salons (50% capacity).
  • Ending of requirement for all commercial activities to finish at 8pm.
  • Resumption of tourist facilities at 100% capacity, with the exception of common areas within hotels such as pools, restaurants and fitness facilities which should remain at 50% capacity.
  • Gatherings, meetings and events of up to 20 persons are now permitted.
  • Opening of cultural centres, museums, libraries and historic sites (50% capacity)

Zone 1

  • Freedom of movement between regions in Zone 1 (ID is required).
  • Reopening of beaches, provided that social distancing measures are respected (1 metre)
  • Reopening of outdoor sports grounds, public parks and public spaces
  • Opening of domestic tourist establishments e.g. hotels (50% capacity)

Zone 2

  • Travel/movement within the province or the prefecture without the need for a movement authorisation form
  • Requirement of a movement authorisation form from the local authorities in order to leave your province or prefecture
  • Reopening of outdoor parks and public spaces
  • Individual outdoor sports (such as walking, running, cycling) permitted
  • No visas (including border visas) are being issued at this time.
  • The Ministry of Health (MISAU) has implemented screening at airports and other points of entry scanning the temperatures of all travellers.
  • All arrivals to Mozambique, regardless of citizenship, will be on a mandated 14-day self-quarantine (see quarantine information below).
  • The Mozambican Government has mandated a 14-day self-quarantine for the following:
    • All arrivals, regardless of citizenship or prior travel; and
    • All persons who have had direct contact with confirmed cases of COVID-19.

Source: US Embassy in Mozambique

  • Except for the Erongo region, the whole of Namibia adopted stage 4 restrictions from midnight on 29 June. These restrictions were revised on 3 August and are expected to last until 17 September.
  • Revised stage 4 measures include:
    • Continued physical distancing of at least 1 metre between persons;
    • A requirement for face masks to be worn at all times in public spaces;
    • Avoiding unnecessary travel to and from different parts of the country;
    • Increased hygiene interventions, including installation of sanitiser equipment within public and work places;
    • A requirement for businesses to keep a register of customers, recording time of patronage, full name and contact details, to assist with possible contact tracing;
    • Public gatherings limited to 100 persons;
    • Contact sports are permitted but no spectators allowed;
    • Sale of alcohol remains on a takeaway basis for consumption in private dwellings, shebeens and bars; alcohol may be consumed in restaurants and bars;
    • Borders remaining closed and international flights suspended.
  • For the Erongo region, stage 3 measures have been extended to last until 31 August. Measures are as follows:
  • All members of the public are required to wear face masks in public spaces and to observe public distancing;
  • Restaurants are open to pre-booked customers; bars and liquor outlets may sell alcohol for home consumption only; cinemas, libraries, gyms and sporting events will be subject to limits on customer numbers; contact sports, nightclubs and casinos remain closed;
  • Travel between towns in the Erongo region and the rest of the country will be permitted, with the exception of Walvis Bay, Swakopmund and Arandis local authority areas; travel into and out of these areas is highly discouraged and will be restricted to emergency situations only;
  • Public gatherings in the Erongo region will be restricted to 50 persons, except for Walvis Bay, Swakopmund and Arandis where gatherings are restricted to 10 persons.

Source: GOV.UK

  • As of May 25, the ban on gatherings of at least 50 people, including workshops, seminars, and social ceremonies was lifted.
  • As of May 25, Niger reinstated regular work hours (8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Thursday and 8 a.m. to 1 p.m. on Friday).
  • As of May 15, the city of Niamey is no longer under a health confinement.
  • As of May 13, places of worship including mosques and churches have re-opened, provided proper social distancing and hygiene measures are followed.
  • As of May 13, the curfew that was in effect from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m. has been lifted.
  • All public schools re-opened on June 1 after being closed since March 20.
  • Restaurants, markets, stores, and public and private services must institute obligatory hygiene measures.
  • It is mandatory to wear a face mask or other objects that cover the mouth and nose in Niamey in public places, markets, and urban transport.
  • People must respect a distance of at least one meter between people in open spaces, restaurants, businesses, airports, and other public places.
  • Commercial international flights into Niger’s international airports resumed on August 1. 
  • Travelers arriving at international airports will have their temperature taken and should present a negative COVID-19 test certificate that is dated within the previous 72 hours.  A rapid COVID-19 test and a nasal swab will be taken from passengers upon arrival and passengers will be encouraged to self quarantine at a precise address.  People arriving without a test result will be required to pay the costs of the COVID-19 test.  All people testing positive for COVID-19 at the airports will be led automatically to a governmental quarantine site.  Passengers’ will be disinfected.
  • For flights departing Niger’s international airports, passengers must present a negative COVID-19 test certificate dated within 72 hours of the flight. 
  • Land borders have been closed since March 19, except for merchandise and passengers with special permission.
  • All travelers entering Niger from countries suffering from the COVID-19 must self-quarantine in their homes or in another adequate location for a period of 14 days.

Source: US Embassy in Niger

  • There is a nation-wide curfew since June 2 from 10 P.M. to 4 A.M. every day
  • As of March 23, the Federal Government of Nigeria has suspended all international and domestic commercial air flights into and within Nigeria. 
  • On July 1, the Ministry of Aviation announced a staggered restart of domestic flights according to the following schedule: 
  • July 8:   Abuja – Lagos
  • July 11: Kano, Maiduguri, Owerri, Port Harcourt
  • July 15: other airports

Source: US Embassy & Consulate in Nigeria

  • Movements are prohibited from 9:00 PM to 5:00 AM, except with permission.
  • Masks must be worn in public at all times.
  • Domestic and international tourism is permitted only for visitors traveling on charter flights.  The Kigali Airport remains closed to normal commercial air traffic.
  • Individual sporting activities in open spaces are permitted, but sports facilities, gyms, and recreational centres remain closed.
  • Religious weddings and funerals are permitted but must not exceed 30 people.
  • All bars, schools, universities, and places of worship remain closed.
  • Transport between provinces in permitted, except to and from Rusizi and Rubavu districts.
  • Meetings in public spaces and mass gatherings are prohibited.
  • Borders remain closed, except for cargo, goods, and returning Rwandans and Rwandan permanent residents. 
  • Rwandan citizens and residents returning to the country are subject to a mandatory seven day quarantine at designated locations at their own expense.

Source: US Embassy in Rwanda

  • On September 16, the Government of Senegal announced that public transportation services (taxis, care rapides and intercity buses) are permitted to transport the maximum number of passengers, provided all passengers wear a mask.  The Government has separately authorized the reopening of cultural spaces accommodating up to 500 people.
  • The Government of Senegal continues to enforce other existing measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19, including: the closure of public beaches; a prohibition on all demonstrations on public highways; and mandatory use of facial coverings. Violators may be subject to fines and potentially one month of jail time.
  • The Government of Senegal has also implemented restrictions that impact entry into Senegal for certain foreign nationals. Travelers who are not citizens or residents of Senegal or a country that is a member of the Economic Community of West African States, or who do not meet certain other exemptions outlined here, may be denied entry or face difficulty traveling to Senegal.
  • All travellers to Senegal over the age of two years must present an original COVID-19 test certificate showing a negative result.  The test must occur within seven days of entry into Senegal and be issued by a laboratory approved for such testing or a recognized international health organization.  Travelers transiting Senegal must also show such proof if they will be present in Senegal more than 24 hours or wish to exit the airport.
  • If unable to obtain a COVID-19 test, travellers to Senegal must submit a statement that they have no symptoms associated with COVID-19 and have not been in contact with a COVID-19 patient. Such travellers will be required to undergo a risk assessment by airport health officials and will be required to undergo a COVID-19 test at the airport if deemed necessary by health officials. Costs of any screening or tests are the responsibility of the traveller.
  • Travelers who test positive or with obvious COVID-19 symptoms must complete an additional medical form provided by airport health service personnel and may be subject to additional requirements, including quarantine, as determined by health officials.
  • All travellers to Senegal will be required to complete a passenger location form for public health officials, in accordance with recommendations from the International Civil Aviation Organization.  The form will be collected on arrival. The form is available for preview and download here.
  • Travelers who test positive for COVID-19 on arrival, or with obvious COVID-19 symptoms, may be subject to additional requirements, including quarantine, as determined by local health officials.


Source: US Embassy in Senegal

  • From 1 August, only visitors who travel from countries deemed to be a low or medium COVID-19 risk will be permitted entry to Seychelles.
  • If you are eligible for entry to Seychelles, you must provide proof of a negative COVID-19 test performed within the 48 hours prior to boarding your flight. From 1 August, this will change to 72 hours prior to boarding your flight.
  • Cruise ships from any country worldwide will not be permitted to berth in Seychelles until further notice.
  • Seychelles International Airport may allow private jets and commercial charter flights to land if they are carrying passengers who will then be transferred to authorised yachts, or to specifically authorised tourist facilities. All passengers must have proof of a negative Coronavirus test performed in the 48 hours prior to boarding.
  • All passengers will be temperature checked at all ports of arrival. If symptoms of COVID-19 are found to be present, tests will be conducted. Those found to be positive will be quarantined and re-checked.
  • Any passengers arriving in Seychelles will be subject to a 14 day mandatory isolation or quarantine. All entry to the country must be approved by the Public Health Commissioner.


Source: GOV.UK

  • The Government of Sierra Leone has reopened Freetown International Airport as of 22 July, with strict restrictions on those arriving in the country.
  • Before departure at point of origin, passengers are required to apply for authorisation to enter Sierra Leone at This authorisation must be presented at the check-in desk before departure, and it consists of:
  • Negative PCR COVID-19 test result issued no longer than 72 hours before departure;
  • Pre-departure public health passenger locator form;
  • Proof of payment for COVID-19 testing on arrival, paid through the online platform.
  • All arriving passengers are subject to mandatory testing for COVID-19. Passengers are given a Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) and a PCR test, which takes longer to analyse. If the RDT test is negative, the passenger can depart the airport and observe social distancing; if positive, the passenger will be isolated at a hotel near the airport to await their PCR result, at their own cost. If the PCR test is positive, the passenger will be transferred to a treatment facility. Passengers who were sitting close to positive case on the plane are required to self-quarantine.
  • Passengers leaving Sierra Leone are also required to undergo a COVID-19 test no more than 72 hours before departure.
  • The government has installed a number of restrictions to curb the spread of COVID-19. Wearing a mask is mandatory in all public spaces; a curfew is also in place.


Source: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Ireland

  • On March 18, the Federal Government of Somalia implemented flight restrictions intended to limit the spread of COVID-19. International flights were initially suspended for a period of 15 days. On April 6, this suspension was extended for an additional 30 days, with humanitarian and cargo exceptions. Please check with your airline about flight availability and alternatives.
  • Health screenings are being implemented under the guidance of UN and World Health Organization representatives in Mogadishu.
  • Somali authorities have established a quarantine unit at Aden Adde International Airport (AAIA) in Mogadishu to isolate passengers who demonstrate symptoms of coronavirus.


Source: US Embassy in Somalia

  • The Government of South Africa lowered the lockdown alert level for South Africa to level 2 on August 18, 2020. 
  • Limited domestic air travel is operating within South Africa with a restriction on the number of flights per day and authorisation based on the reason for travel. 
  • All airports in South Africa remain closed to regular international commercial traffic.
  •  Several airlines are operating repatriation flights for South Africans returning home and foreign nationals leaving South Africa. 
  • Public rail, minibus taxi and bus services have resumed at reduced levels subject to social distancing and mandatory use of face masks for passengers and drivers.  Minibus taxis and buses must reduce their maximum licensed passenger seating capacity to 70% a vehicle, e-hailing services that are licensed to carry up to four passengers are limited to carrying 50% of their permissible passenger carrying capacity.  Transport services are required to provide adequate sanitizers for washing of hands of all passengers. Operators must ensure that their vehicles are sanitised before picking up and after dropping off passengers.
  • Retail shops and services, supermarkets, churches, pharmacies, schools and most businesses have resumed operations in line with safety protocols.  Public gatherings are limited to less than 50 people.  Employees are instructed to work from home where possible


Source: US Embassy & Consulates in South Sudan

  • Effective Monday, July 13, 2020, the Government of Sudan partially re-opened Khartoum International Airport to international flights.
  • As of July 13, 2020, Sudan authorized limited international flights to/from Ethiopia, Egypt, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates. All domestic flights continue to be suspended.
  • Effective Wednesday July 8, 2020, the Government of Sudan moved to a 6:00pm to 6:00am curfew in Khartoum. This curfew will remain in effect until further notice. All persons are able to move freely, including across bridges, from 6:00am to 6:00pm local time.
  • Public transportation will begin operating on July 8, 2020 in response to the loosened restrictions.
  • For those traveling to Sudan, U.S. citizens of Sudanese origin, will be subject to COVID-19 testing upon arrival. All other nationals, including U.S. citizens, must possess a certified negative polymerise chain reaction (PCR) test taken within 72 hours of their arrival.
  • For suspected cases, the Ministry of Health has established isolation centres at the Khartoum and Omdurman Teaching Hospitals, Jebra Trauma Center and at the Universal Hospital in Khartoum North.


Source: US Embassy in South Sudan

    • All travelers whether foreigners or returning residents whose countries or airlines require them to provide negative testing for COVID-19 as a condition for traveling will be required to present a certificate on arrival. Travelers from other countries with symptoms and signs related to COVID-19 infection will undergo enhanced screening and may be tested on arrival.
    • Passengers should fill in Health Surveillance Form in the plane, or any other transport means and submit them to Port Health authorities upon arrival.
    • The Tanzanian government has lifted the ban imposed on the Kenyan flights. The move now allows all Kenyan operators, including, Kenya Airways, Fly 540 Limited, SafariLink Aviation, and AirKenya Express Limited, among others to operate and land in Tanzania.

    Source: Standard Media Group

  • The Government of Tunisia has issued revised entry procedures and zone classifications, including the removal of the quarantine requirement for travelers from “green” countries.  The Government has indicated that they will review these procedures weekly.
  • The GOT has divided countries into three zones (red, orange, and green) based on the number of cases and epidemiological situation in each country. The list is revised every few days; for the most updated list, please visit the Observatoire National des Maladies Nouvelles et Emergentes (note – countries not specifically designated “green” or “orange” are considered “red”):
  • “Red List” Countries (including the United States):  for individuals whose travel originates in a “red” country, only Tunisians and those with permanent residence status may enter Tunisia.
  • “Orange List” Countries:  for individuals whose travel originates in an “orange” country, Tunisians and tourists may enter Tunisia providing they present a negative COVID-19 lab test, with results received within 72 hours before travel to Tunisia and the analysis conducted no more than 120 hours prior to arrival.
  • “Green List” Countries:  for individuals whose travel originates in a “green” country, everyone may enter Tunisia without a test.


In addition to the testing requirement:

  • All individuals from “red” and “orange” countries, regardless of nationality, are required to quarantine upon arrival
  • Tunisians coming from “orange” countries will be asked to observe a self-quarantine for two weeks at home. 
  • Tunisian citizens and permanent residents coming from “red” countries will be placed in mandatory quarantine centers for seven days and will be subjected to screening tests on the 6th day. 
  • Travelers from “green” countries can enter with no testing or quarantine requirements


Source: US Embassy in Tunisia

  • On September 20, President Museveni announced changes to the current restrictions, including opening of Entebbe International Airport on October 1 and all land borders, allowing schools to re-open on October 15 for the candidate classes, permitting places of worship to gather with groups of 70 persons or less, and allowing open-air sport activities to resume without spectators. He also lifted restrictions on movement to and from border districts. The curfew (2100h-0600h) remains in place, as does the closure of gyms, bars, casinos, gaming centers, and cinemas. Motorcycle taxi (boda boda) drivers must cease their movements by 1800h.
  • Currently, only special repatriation flights, organized by the Government of Uganda, are being permitted to arrive at Entebbe International Airport. 
  • Travelers must take a certified PCR COVID-19 test no more than 72 hours before departure and obtain a negative result. Tests must have been done by a health facility that is accredited by the government of the country in which the test is conducted. Travelers will be required to present their test results to the airline to receive confirmation of their flight booking. For more information, please visit the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website.


Source: US Embassy in Uganda   

  • All travelers coming into Zambia will be required to provide a negative COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) PCR test result. The test should have been conducted within the previous 14 days prior to arrival to Zambia.  Travelers who do not meet this requirement will not be allowed into Zambia.
  • Zambia has implemented limited screening upon arrival at the international airport in Lusaka. The screening includes using no-touch thermometers (“thermo-scanners”) to check body temperature and asking travelers to complete a travel health questionnaire.
  • Symptomatic individuals will be tested for COVID-19 (SARS-Cov-2) at the airports and will be required to enter isolation protocol at a Zambian government facility.
  • The Government of the Republic of Zambia is enforcing mandatory 14-day quarantine, testing, and regular monitoring at the residence or preferred place of stay for persons entering Zambia.
  • Persons arriving are not required to quarantine at a government-designated facility but must communicate to Ministry of Health officials where they intend to reside and provide accurate contact information for regular follow-ups.
  • This includes those entering Zambia at Kenneth Kaunda International Airport (KKIA) and all other Zambian international airports, as well as land borders.


Source: US Embassy to Zambia

COVID-19 Resources

The World Health Organization (WHO), Africa CDC and partners are scaling up preparedness efforts for COVID-19 in the African region to implement the recommendations of the International Health Regulations Emergency Committee. 

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